New Year in BelarusNew Year in Belarus is celebrated on the night of December 31 to January 1. Most residents of the country meet him in the family circle. After midnight, young people go with friends to the main squares of cities, to parties in clubs or restaurants. The older generation prefers to stay at home and watch TV shows with popular pop stars.
In mid-December in the squares of cities begins the installation of New Year trees. The main Christmas tree of the country is in Minsk on October Square. This symbol of the New Year also appears in other popular places in the capital: near the Government House, near the National Library, the Sports Palace, the Ice Palace, the Town Hall, the Cathedral.
Every year, a grandiose show "The Main Christmas Tree of the Country" is held for children. The New Year's fairy tale with dances, songs and round dances begins its preparation in June. Creators every year embody new ideas in the show, enrich it with laser shows and 3D effects. The festive action gathers tens of thousands of children from different parts of Belarus and neighboring countries.
Traditions and customsBelarusians believe that you will meet the New Year, so it will pass. They try to celebrate this holiday cheerfully and magnificently. People surround themselves with the closest and beloved people, distribute debts, forgive offenses. On New Year's Eve they wear the best outfits. New beautiful clothes symbolize prosperity and prosperity next year. Girls change their outfits several times a night to spend the coming year in new things.
The main rite of the Belarusians is to raise a glass of champagne at midnight under the battle of chimes and make a wish. Especially gambling residents of the country manage to write their desire on a scrap of paper and set it on fire. Ashes are lowered into a glass and drunk. Such a ritual should lead to the fulfillment of desire.
There is a sign that according to the morning of January 1, it is necessary to wash from the dishes, in which gold or silver coins were put. The one who has done such a ritual awaits wealth, success and beauty in the coming year.
history of the holidayIn pagan times Belarusians celebrated the New Year on September 1. It was a harvest festival. By this time the field works were being completed. The farmers praised their gods, thanked for the harvest and asked for welfare for the next year. In 1699, Peter I moved the New Year to January 1. Since that period, traditions have been established to organize New Year feasts, decorate the Christmas tree, dance dances and fireworks.
The official holiday of the New Year was in 1948, when Belarus was part of the USSR. During the Soviet era, most of the New Year traditions and customs were formed, which have survived to this day.
New Year decorationIn the middle of December, the streets and houses of Belarusian cities are lit with flickering garlands. In the squares appear elegant Christmas trees. Signs and shop windows turn into fabulous New Year's compositions.
In houses Belarusians install artificial or living coniferous beauties. They dress them up with garlands, rain, serpentine and bright toys.
Festive tableBy the New Year, Belarusian housewives set a luxurious table. It should have at least 12 dishes, which symbolize 12 months of the year. On the festive table there are salads "Olivier" and "Herring under the fur coat", cutlets, homemade sausages, pickles, pancakes with meat and mushroom filling, cheeses, baked fish, national dish - cibrical potatoes (deep fried potatoes). An exquisite New Year's treat is beaver meat, which is served along with pancakes and cranberry sauce. For dessert, popular jelly, hot chocolate, tangerines, "Kiev" and "Leningrad" cakes are popular.
Among the alcoholic beverages, the leading place is occupied by champagne. At the festive tables there are also stronger drinks: wine, tinctures, vodka, cognac.
GiftsBelarusians on New Year's Day give their relatives and friends cards and different gifts: from symbolic souvenirs to expensive exclusive things - technology, jewelry.
In Belarus, the children bring gifts to Grandfather Frost with her assistant - the granddaughter Snow Maiden. This character is often called the St. Nicholas (Holy Mikola). Children write letters to him in advance, in which they tell about their cherished dreams. They are looking forward to the onset of the morning of January 1, to find the desired gift under the Christmas tree.